L’annonce a été faite ce mardi 19 novembre 2019 à Yaoundé par le Directeur des Opérations de la Banque mondiale au Cameroun, Abdoulaye SEK, au cours de la cérémonie de lancement officiel des 04 projets bénéficiaires du guichet « IDA 18 ».
Cameroon is the first African country to benefit from the resources of the World Bank's IDA 18 special window. "This is the result of the country's generosity and its long tradition of solidarity and hospitality towards displaced people," said the World Bank's Director of Operations in Cameroon. Beyond the reception and cohesion between host populations and refugees, the government, with the support of technical and financial partners, is making sustained efforts to improve the living conditions of refugees, host populations and internally displaced persons, victims of the security crises in the sub-region. To date, there are more than 350,000 refugees and displaced persons living in Cameroon.
During this official launch ceremony of the 04 projects benefiting from the "IDA 18" window, Abdoulaye SEK revealed that Cameroon has just received $130 million funding from his institution, including the special "IDA 18" window and $86 million grant. These resources are intended to finance the implementation of Cameroon's Development Policy Letter to refugees, which aims to improve access to basic social services (health, education, drinking water supply) for both refugees and host communities, to build and rehabilitate several markets and to integrate 10,000 households into the cash transfer process. Specifically, as indicated by the Minister of the Economy, the aim is to extend the geographical scope of these four ongoing projects, namely the National Community-Driven Development Programme (PNDP), the Social Nets Project, the Support Project for the Reform of the Education Sector and the Health System Performance Strengthening Project, through an integrated approach.
For Alamine OUSMANE MEY, "the objective is to reduce the vulnerability of refugees and host communities, in relation to sustainable development objectives".
It should be recalled that the IDA 18 window dedicated to refugees and host communities targets localities where the presence of refugees exerts strong economic and social pressure on the areas of the communities hosting these refugees. More concessional than the national IDA, "IDA 18" was set up by the World Bank not only to support countries hosting large numbers of refugees, but above all to provide an efficient response to certain crises related to the influx of refugees. It should be noted that Cameroon, one of the signatories to the Geneva Conventions and the African Union rights of refugees, enshrines in its legal system the principle of non-refoulement of refugees.